NPE Glasgow : Inti Lehmann : Uppsala

Activities at the Uppsala University

My work as Post-Doc I'm focusing on developments for the planned antiProton ANnihilations at DArmstadt (PANDA) experiment at the future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR), Darmstadt, Germany. This experiment is aiming to answer fundamental questions concerning the strong interaction. Such are the understanding of non-perturbative QCD, the origin of the hadron masses, mismatch of experimental states and predicted 2 and 3 quark states. Ongoing activities of the PANDA group at the Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University comprise:

  • simulations of gluonic excitations (hybrids and glueballs),
  • studies for the development of an advanced electro-magnetic calorimeter.

I'm actively involved in all those activities. This especially concerns the supervision of the students, which work on those topics. Additionally I have been involved in writing and editing the "Technical Progress Report" for the PANDA experiment as the co-editor.

(Download research programme: pdf 200K)


You may also like to visit the web sites from the PANDA Collaboration and Physics Meeting held June 13-17 in Uppsala, and the 15th Nordic Meeting on Intermediate and High Energy Nuclear Physics held at Gräftåvallen, Sweden in January 2005.

Pellet Target Development


The planned measurements at PANDA aim for highest luminosities and thus require high density internal targets. Most experiments will make use of proton anti-proton annihilations, thus a target proton. For many experiments at PANDA, densities well above 1015 a/cm2 are required. Moreover, the geometrical limitations due to the large scale experimental set-up may be a challenge for both the vacuum conditions as well as the achievable target densities using standard gas or cluster-jet targets.

A different approach is followed by using frozen droplets, so-called pellets. This technique has been employed successfully for the WASA experiment with both hydrogen and deuterium pellets. To further develop this target, such that it can be employed at PANDA, a second target station has been build up. The Pellet-Test Station (PTS) is shown in a 3d drawing to the left (later fittings and all gauges and diagnostics are not shown). It has been equipped with a PANDA-like vacuum system, including beam dump and realistic pumping conditions. Using the information from three vacuum gauges and comparing them with calculations, we could verify that we are indeed able to reach the required vacuum conditions with horizontal pipes of not more than 6 mm diameter. This is crucial as the detectors have to be designed around those pipes and should, of course, cover as much as possible of the solid angle.

vacuum measurements

A comparison of experimental (red points) and calculated vacuum (light blue band) at the PTS is shown in the figure above. The experimental points lie factors 2 to 4 above the calculated band but agree within 2σ.

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